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Saturday, January 21, 2017

The Americas History

Countries of the World Today
A bout 10,000 years ago the world had no political borders and no countries. Today almost 200 countries of different sizes exist. On every continent except Antarctica, borders have been drawn to bring people together or to separate them.

The Americas
When people think of North America, they usually think of three large countries Canada, the United States, and Mexico. However, North America also includes the smaller countries that make up Central America and the Caribbean.

The northernmost country in North America is Canada. Canada is a country that is large in area but small in population. It covers 3,851,809 square miles (9,975,415 sq km), but it has just 29 million people.

Most of Canada's population lives in the southern part of the country, where the climate is warmer. Canada's large cities and most of its population are located along its border with the United States. However, some Canadians do live in the far north. For example, the native Inuit (IN»yoo»wit) people have lived in the harsh climate of Canada's arctic tundra for centuries.

Canada was settled and ruled by both the British and the French. Because of this, Canada is a bilingual, or two-language, country. Both French and English speakers make up large parts of the population.

Like Canada, the United States is a large country in area. However, it is also large in terms of population. With more than 267 million people, the United States has about 10 times the number of people Canada has. People from all over the world came to the United States in the past, and they continue to come today. Because of this, every one of the United States' 50 states has people of different backgrounds.

To the south of the United States is Mexico. In some ways, Mexico is like the United States. It is made up of states, elects a president, and has a congress. Yet its culture is very different. Although Mexico is part of North America, it is also part of the cultural region of Latin America.

Latin America is made up of Mexico, Central America, South America, and many nearby islands. It gets its name from the Latin-based languages, Spanish and Portuguese, spoken in the region. These languages were introduced during the 1500s, when the first Spanish and Portuguese colonies were built there.

The Spanish greatly influenced the culture of Latin America. The culture also has deep roots in ancient native groups such as the Olmecs, Mayas, Aztecs, and Incas.
The countries of Latin America are very different geographically For example, the country of Chile has the driest desert in the world, the Atacama Desert, while much of the country of Brazil is covered by lush tropical rain forests.

How has settlement by different groups affected the cultures of the Americas?


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