Wednesday, January 11, 2017

The Olmecs and the Mayas in Central America

Central America
Farther to the south, North America gets narrower and narrower. This region, often called Central America, is actually part of the continent of North America.
Central America is bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the east by the Caribbean (kair»uh*BEE»uhn) Sea, which is a part of the Atlantic Ocean. East of Central America are the many islands of the Caribbean.

Running north and south through much of Central America are very long mountain ranges called Cordilleras (kawr»dee»YAY»rahs). Many of Central America's mountains are active volcanoes, or volcanoes that still erupt. Ash from eruptions of the active volcanoes has made the soil nearby very fertile. Because of the fertile soil, people often farm near volcanoes in spite of the dangers they may face.

On both sides of the mountains are regions of lowlands. Rain forests and swamps cover much of the lowlands in eastern Central America. Forests of evergreen trees grow along the lowlands in the west. The thick forests make farming difficult in the lowlands regions.

Where in Central America is farming better, near the mountains or in the lowlands?


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