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Saturday, January 21, 2017

The Surviving Inca Empire

The Surviving Inca Empire
In 1532 conquistador Francisco Pizarro (pee»ZAR«oh) and a group of Spanish conquistadors landed on the Pacific coast of Peru. Their goal was to claim the wealth of the Americas.

Not long before the arrival of the Spanish, the Inca ruler died. Two of his sons, Huascar (WAHS»kar) and Atahuallpa (ah»tah»WAHL»pah), were fighting over which of them would become the new leader of the Incas.

Atahuallpa's forces finally defeated their enemy, killing Huascar in the fight. Pizarro invited the new emperor to his camp. Once there, Pizarro's forces captured him. Atahuallpa promised Pizarro a room full of gold and silver in exchange for his freedom. The Incas brought Pizarro these riches, but the conquistador ordered his soldiers to kill Atahuallpa anyway. Then Pizarro and his army captured Cuzco. Inca attempts to take Cuzco back from the Spanish failed. The Incas outnumbered the Spanish, but their wooden swords were no match for Spanish guns.

The Spanish claimed control of the Inca Empire. Many Incas became slaves and were forced to work on Spanish farms and in Spanish mines.

Spanish ways began to replace Inca ways. Christianity replaced the worship of the Inca gods. The Spanish began to import resources from their homeland. Cows, sheep, chickens, and wheat and barley were introduced as new foods to the Americas. The Spanish exported native resources to Spain.

Spanish culture did not replace all of the Inca culture. In the highlands, many Incas hid from the Spanish. They continued to live much as they had before Pizarro landed. They secretly kept their religion alive. Even today, Peruvian highlanders often wear traditional clothing woven in the old style. The Inca language, Quechua, is an official language of present-day Peru, along with Spanish.

How and when did the Inca Empire end?


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