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Thursday, June 8, 2017

Causes of World War II & International Conflicts

International Conflicts
By early August 1914 most of Europe was at war. In time, other countries all over the world joined the conflict. On one side were the Allies, which included Britain, France, Russia, and the United States. On the other side were the Central Powers, which included Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire.

Causes of World War II
The Great War, as it was called at the time, was a new kind of war. For the first time deadly weapons such as machine guns, tanks, and poison gas were used.

More than 8 million soldiers from several countries lost their lives.

On November 11,1918, Germany signed an armistice (AR»muh»stuhs), or agreement to stop fighting. In 1919 the Treaty of Versailles (ver«SY) brought an end to the war.
In the 1920s and 1930s most countries of the world suffered through a period of economic hard times called the Great Depression. Things were especially bad in Germany. The German people wanted a strong leader who would make Germany a powerful country again.

Adolf Hitler quickly took control of Germany as a dictator. He told the Germans that their political and economic troubles were the fault of the Jewish people. Hitler passed laws taking away the rights and property of Jewish citizens.

During this time, Germany, Italy, and Japan began building empires. At first, European leaders did little to stop this.

They did not want to risk starting another world war. This policy of not opposing the takeovers by Germany, Italy, and Japan became known as appeasement.

As Germany continued to attack and conquer its neighbors, it became clear that appeasement would not work. Once again many countries of the world entered into war. During World War II the Allies  Britain, France, the Soviet Union (formerly Russia), and the United States faced the Axis Powers Germany, Italy, and Japan.
War quickly spread through Europe, Asia, and northern Africa. The United States entered the war when Japan attacked a United States naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii in December 1941. Over time, the Allies began to get ahead. On May 7,1945, Germany surrendered, ending the war in Europe. On August 6,1945, the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima (hir»uh»SHEE»muh), Japan.

Two days later a bomb was dropped on Nagasaki (nah»guh»SAH»kee), Japan. The Japanese surrendered soon after.

After the war ended, the terrible effects of Hitler's time of rule became clear. Under his command European Jews had been shipped to prison camps and killed. This mass killing of the Jewish people is known as the Holocaust. In addition to 6 million Jews, Hitler ordered the killing of 6 million others.

- What two twentieth-century conflicts affected the entire world?
- What is main causes of world war II


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