Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Industrial Revolution History

Industrial Revolution
In the late 1700s another kind of Industrial revolution began to take place. The change this revolution caused was not in government but in the way people lived and worked. Machines came into the lives of people in this period, which is known as the Industrial Revolution.

Industrial Revolution in England
The Industrial Revolution began in Britain with the textile, or cloth, industry. Until the Industrial Revolution the textile industry had been a cottage industry. This meant that families worked together in their own homes, or cottages, to spin thread and weave cloth.

Soon people looked for ways to produce these goods faster. Machines were invented that made it possible to weave cloth more quickly. However, families could not afford to buy these machines. Also, the machines were too big to fit into a house. Rich textile merchants bought many machines and put them in large buildings, creating the first factories. Workers were forced to move to be near these workplaces.

By the middle of the 1800s, the Industrial Revolution was well under way in Britain. Huge factories produced more and more goods. Cities became crowded because many people came from the country in search of work. They jammed into poorly built houses. The streets were filthy, and the air was full of smoke from the factory chimneys. People faced difficult working conditions as well. Many men, women, and children worked at least 12 hours a day, six days a week, for very low pay.

The Industrial Revolution did improve the lives of workers in some ways, however. Although wages were low, they were steady. Workers could buy meat and vegetables once in a while to go with their daily bread and cheese. They also had enough money to buy better clothes.

Over time the Industrial Revolution spread to such places as the United States, Japan, Germany, France, and Belgium. In all these industrialized countries, cities became centers of industry and grew quickly. The wave of invention and the shift to factory work brought many new inventions. Among these inventions were the telephone, the automobile, and the radio.

How did the Industrial Revolution affect people's lives?

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