Monday, June 12, 2017

Oligarchy Meaning

The Meaning of Oligarchy 
Not all dictatorships are run by one individual. Sometimes a small group of people controls the government of a country Such a governing system is called an oligarchy.

Spartan Oligarchy
You have read that in Sparta a small group of landowners controlled the government. At many other times in history, small groups have ruled countries. Sometimes the rulers have been members of one class of people or one political party. Perhaps the most famous oligarchy of all time was the government of the former Soviet Union. Only members of the Communist party could take part in governing.

Today's communist-controlled People's Republic of China fits the definition of an oligarchy. The Chinese government has executive, legislative, and judicial branches. However, the real power of Chinese government is in the hands of a few committees which are controlled by the Chinese Communist Party, or CCP China's constitution divides the government into four main parts. The largest of these is the National People's Congress, which has over 1,900 members elected from regions all over China. The next-largest part of the government is the Central Committee. Its 300 members are elected by the National People's Congress. The Central Committee, in turn, elects 20 members for another committee the Politburo. Part of the Politburo is made up of a committee of important party leaders. This committee elects the members of the five-member Chinese troops march in a parade in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen. China is the largest communist country in the world today.

Secretariat. Much of the power to make government decisions rests with the Politburo and the Secretariat. The amount of power that these small groups have is what makes the Chinese government an oligarchy.

Oligarchy in China
Although China is an oligarchy, often one person has steered China's course. From 1980 until his death in 1997, Deng Xiaoping (DUHN.GSH.HPING) was the real leader of China, even after he retired in 1990. Since Deng's death, President Jiang Zemin (JEEAHNG zuhMIN) has taken over leadership in China. Deng personally trained Jiang to follow him.

Why is China considered an oligarchy?

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