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Wednesday, June 28, 2017

The Europe in Transition and the Islamic Empire

The Islamic Empire
While the Byzantine Empire spread Christianity to the north, in the south Arab armies inspired by a new religion, Islam, swept out of the Arabian peninsula and overran much of the old Byzantine territory.

Prophet Muhammad and Islam. In the A.D. 600s, the prophet Muhammad began preaching Islam, today the world’s second largest religion. The central message of Islam is that there is only one God. The holy- book of Islam is the Qur'an, which according to Muslims is the word of God revealed to Muhammad through a series of revelations. The Qur'an presents God’s laws and teachings and outlines what is expected of all good Muslims. According to the Qur'an, Muslims must meet five important obligations known as the Five Pillars of Islam: (1) Recite the profession of faith, “...there is no deity except Allah [God] and Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger.” (2) Pray five times a day facing Mecca, the holy city of Islam. (3) Give alms money or food to the poor. (4) Fast from first light to sunset during the month of Ramadan. (5) If possible, make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a lifetime.


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